Jack Roosevelt Robinson was born
in Cairo, Georgia January 31,1919. His family was sharecroppers, his
mother Mallie Robinson single handedly raised jack and four other
children. They were the only black family on there block.
He attended John Muir High School and Pasadena Junior College, where he
was an excellent athlete, he played four sports football, track,
baseball, and basketball. He later attended University of California
where he became the first student to win varsity letters in four sports.
In 1941 he was forced out of UCLA due to financial hardship. He then
moved to Honolulu where he played semi-pro football for the Honolulu
In 1942 to 1944 he served as second lieutenant in the U.S. army. He
never saw combat but was arrested and court-martialed for refusing to
get in the back of the bus during training. The charges were later
dropped and he received a honorable discharge. After his discharge in
1944 he played baseball professionally. At that time the sport was
segregated, where whites and blacks had there own league. Robinson first
played in the negro league, but then was chosen by the Vice President of
the Brooklyn Dodgers Branch Rickey to integrate Major League Baseball (MLB).
He died from heart problems and diabetes complication on October 24,
1972. His wife established the Jackie Robinson foundation dedicated to
his life's work. The foundation helps young people with scholarships,